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Screenshot from a digital document with the logo of the Triple Knight Order and a St. George's Cross. Headline "2083 - A European Declaration of Independence". Subtitle "De Laude Novae Militae", "by Andrew Berwick, London UK, 2011".
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Conspiracy theories - a brief introduction

Drawning: A person with a black hoodie is holding a large PC screen. On the screen and around the person it says: This is true. Illustration
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Right-wing extremism and the internet

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Hate speech in the classroom

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The most disagreement occurred when we asked about the political reactions to the terror attack. Three out of five believe we have not confronted right-wing extremism enough, whilst just over one in five disagree. As many as a third of respondents believe that the Labour Party has politically exploited July 22.

Anders Ravik Jupskås og Øyvind Bugge Solheim / Center for Research on Extremism (C-REX)
How do Norwegians interpret July 22 today?, Center for Research on Extremism (C-REX), 2021
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The debate over sanity was important and the debate about contingency was also important. Grief and love were important. Perhaps we should have paid more attention to the political debate after the judgment had been handed down and question of sanity had been answered. It was said that this was an act of right-wing extremism and an attack on AUF and the Labour Party, but this ended up being ignored.

Jens Stoltenberg / former Prime Minister
Witness account in University of Oslo Aula, 21 July 2021
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When terror struck Norway on 22 July 2011, many illusions shattered in society. When the next right-wing extremist attack occurred on 10 August 2019, the fear and all the painful memories returned. […] 10 August served as a reminder that our society is threatened by racist and cruel forces that we need to stand up against, together.

Hawa Musse / author
“The Islamophobia that was normalised” i Never silent, never forget. 2021
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September 11th changed the world. It changed my life. It changed American society. It changed our way of flying, geopolitics. July 22nd, it didn’t even change Norway. Yes, we have this wound and we have to recover and it will never be as it used to be. But what has changed?

Åsne Seierstad / author
Ten years on, Norway still deals with wounds from Breivik massacre, The Irish Times, 19 July, 2021
A wolf is alone on a peak with the text: It's true! A black darkness also says: It is true! A white speech bubble says text: It's not true!
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Conspiracy theories

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Regardless of how uncomfortable it is for the right to discuss 22 July, the alternative is much worse. For far too long, the Workers’ Youth League has stood alone in the face of hatred, threats and conspiracy theories.

Ola Svenneby / Young Conservatives Leader 2021
Two promises to the Workers’ Youth League, Vårt land. 2021
Office building with damaged windows, and with the inscription "Arbeiderpartiet" and their logo. Flag pole with the Norwegian flag at half mast.
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The Labour Party in the conspiracy theories

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I am still tired. But I am done moderating myself. Because I am angry. Furious actually. At a society that has allowed right-wing extremism and Breivik’s mindset more, not less, opportunity to cause harm.

Elin L’Estrange / survivor from Utøya
We tried to speak up in 2011. It was frankly not welcomed. Aftenposten. 14 July 2021
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The conspirarcy theory Eurabia

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Instead of taking proper action to weed out islamophobia and racism after 22 July, a lot of the public discourse has been about freedom of speech: That it is too easy to offend Muslims. We are no longer considered just a security problem but also a challenge to free speech.

Hawa Muuse / author
“The Islamophobia that was normalised” i Never silent, never forget / 2021
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Paths to extremism

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If we are to keep our promise that this will not happen again, someone has to be there and keep saying ‘This was not an incident, this was a terror attack – not only was it an attack on democracy, but also an attack on our social democratic values.

Eirin Kristin Kjær / survivor from Utøya
Witness testimony film 22 July Centre / 2018
Red cross on white background
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The terrorist's use of symbols and history

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Many people find it very difficult to talk about violence and harassment towards immigrants in the wake of the bombing. The majority want to preserve the memories of a cohesive community and say that they do not want to bring the negative debate back to life.

The Norwegian Centre against Racism
2012
World map showing the entire world with countrys borders. Illustration
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Right-wing extremism and hatred against muslims as an global phenomenon

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Hi, I am 13 years old and as a Norwegian Muslim I feel like it is my fault. He says he killed everyone because I am here. Should I emigrate to protect Norwegian children in the future? That is how I feel. - Sophia.

Message submitted to online meeting with crisis psychologists at NRK.no.
25 July 2011
Several men is standing with green and white flags. They are standing on a road. There are buildings in the background.
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Right-wing extremism

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Anti-feminism

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Breivik's radicalisation process - some typical explanations

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Threat assessments

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